PREVIEW

Screening for developmental disabilities in HIV positive and HIV negative children in South Africa: Results from the Asenze Study

July 12, 2018

This study tested the use of a Ten Questions (TQ) screen–a standardized medical history and physical examination conducted by a medical doctor–with hearing and vision screening, psychological assessment for cognition and language delay, and voluntary HIV testing. In this sample of 1,330 children in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, HIV positive children were found to be delayed in… View Article

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PREVIEW

Increasing Access and Adherence to the PMTCT Cascade: Is There a Role for Economic Strengthening Interventions?

July 10, 2018

Care and treatment for the prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) is widely available but underutilized; and while economic barriers to pregnant women living with HIV are documented, there is less known about whether economic strengthening interventions could improve PMTCT adherence. This literature review found few studies directly answering the question, but did find studies within the health care… View Article

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PREVIEW

Evidence and Guidance for Family Strengthening to Help Families Stay Together

July 10, 2018

Poverty is often at the root of why children are placed in residential care facilities. The ASPIRES (Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation and Research in Economic Strengthening) project is looking at economic strengthening can both prevent family separation and also increase success when reintegrating children with families. This fact sheet describes two research projects that… View Article

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PREVIEW

Enhancing HIV Retention and Clinical Outcomes in Tanzania through Pediatric- and Adolescent-Friendly Services

June 18, 2018

Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is necessary for optimal treatment outcomes, yet research shows that most children living with HIV in resource constrained settings are late in accessing care. This study aimed to evaluate the use of pediatric- and adolescent-friendly HIV care and treatment services to improve adherence, retention, and clinical outcomes for children… View Article

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PREVIEW

Family Care for Children with Disabilities: Practical Guidance for Frontline Workers in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

June 18, 2018

Globally policies and programs are improving in supporting family care for children –to prevent unnecessary family separation and to support reintegration for children who are outside of family care. A case management approach is also gaining momentum as it has been shown to improve outcomes for children and families. Yet children with disabilities are often… View Article

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PREVIEW

Do Orphans And Vulnerable Children Have A Future? A Critical Analysis of Community-Based Social Protection Systems in Kenya

June 14, 2018

Community based child social protection structures is one key intervention to address child protection issues. Based on a literature review of social protection structures in Kenya, this study finds a disconnect between the local and national child protection mechanisms. The study recommends that for community based child protection structures to be effective, a collaborative network and… View Article

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PREVIEW

Tool for Using Demographic and Health Survey Data to Estimate the Size of Orphans-and- Vulnerable-Children Groups at the National and Subnational Levels

June 12, 2018

MEASURE Evaluation has designed Excel workbooks to assist PEPFAR orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) country programs with estimating the size of four groups of potentially vulnerable children. The percentages of potentially vulnerable children are derived from Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data sets.

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PREVIEW

Can lay people provide mental health care in Kenya?

June 12, 2018

A team from Duke University is training lay people to provide trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy through schools and community health centers under the guidance of lay supervisors. This pilot project in Bungoma, Kenya aims to develop a blueprint for developing a program that could be developed at scale for addressing the trauma and increasing resilience… View Article

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PREVIEW

What works to end violence against children? Seven things we have learned

June 12, 2018

Violence against children is a problem that is so big and has remained hidden for so long that the only way to effectively address it is to break it down into actionable steps. World Vision has been focused on preventing and responding to violence through a community engagement model which mobilizes evidence-based interventions such as… View Article

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PREVIEW

It takes health to end violence against children: Assessing alignment of national health policies with WHO’s Global Plan of Action to address interpersonal violence

June 12, 2018

The World Health Organization has adopted a Global Plan of Action to strengthen the role of the health system to respond to violence against women and children. This Global Plan for Action officially recognizes the role that the health system must play and provides a mandate for countries and their health systems to address violence… View Article

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