For children to thrive they must have their needs met in multiple domains and across the life-course; yet, millions of children under the age of five will not meet their developmental potential. Part of the reason for this is due to the burden of HIV coupled with the high prevalence rate of common mental disorders in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This literature review includes the mental health status of mothers living with HIV (MLH) and how this affects their children. The paper outlines the pathways between maternal HIV, maternal mental health problems, and negative child outcomes; and then describes a number of intervention entry points that have the potential to enhance impact.
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