The past decade has witnessed tremendous global progress in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT), the leading cause of HIV infection in children. Effective interventions exist to virtually eliminate MTCT during pregnancy, labor, delivery, and breastfeeding (UNICEF 2016). Yet, MTCT remains a challenge; the majority of the estimated 150,000 new HIV infections in children in 2015 were from MTCT (UNAIDS 2016).
This course presents an overview of a comprehensive approach to prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programming and essential interventions administered though the continuum of care—antenatal, intrapartum, post-partum, and infant care services. This course also explores key PMTCT-related issues and programming considerations.