Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is necessary for optimal treatment outcomes, yet research shows that most children living with HIV in resource constrained settings are late in accessing care. This study aimed to evaluate the use of pediatric- and adolescent-friendly HIV care and treatment services to improve adherence, retention, and clinical outcomes for children who are attending the HIV clinic at Kigoma Regional Hospital in Tanzania. Results clearly demonstrated that creating an enabling environment through pediatric- and adolescent-friendly services improved retention in care.
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