Neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed uninfected children in South Africa: outcomes from an observational birth cohort study

September 23, 2019
Authors: Catherine J. Wedderburn, et al
Organization: The Lancet: Child and Adolescent Health

The developmental effects for HIV-exposed uninfected children is still unclear.  This article includes a summary of related research results and adds its own results.  This study adds to the evidence with results indicating that uninfected children exposed to maternal HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy have increased odds of receptive and expressive language delays at 2 years of age.   Further long-term work is needed to understand developmental outcomes of HIV-exposed uninfected children, especially in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa that have a high prevalence of HIV exposure among children.