PREVIEW

Can Family-Centered Programming Mitigate HIV Risk Factors Among Orphaned and Vulnerable Adolescents? Results from a Pilot Study in South Africa

April 3, 2018

Let’s Talk is a family-centered adolescent HIV prevention program developed for use specifically in South Africa using key components adapted from programs successfully implemented in the US and South Africa. It was created to address individual HIV transmission risk factors common among orphaned and vulnerable adolescents, including elevated risk for poor psychological health. These efforts… View Article

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PREVIEW

Interventions to Improve Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among Adolescents in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of the Literature

March 27, 2018

This article is a systematic review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature published between 2010 and 2015 to identify interventions designed to improve antiretroviral adherence among adults and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The authors conducted searches on PubMed, Web of Science, Popline, the AIDSFree Resource Library, and the USAID Development Experience Clearinghouse to… View Article

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PREVIEW

“It’s not possible to go inside and have a discussion”: How fear of stigma affects community-based support of of children’s HIV care

March 6, 2018

This study brings us the voices of caregivers and children in Zimbabwe telling us that stigma still matters. In this longitudinal qualitative study, the results indicate that anxiety around discrimination and fear of stigma on participation in the intervention are barriers to caregivers and children–and ones which community health volunteers experience firsthand as they seek… View Article

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PREVIEW

Integrating Violence against Children Prevention and Response Interventions within PEPFAR HIV Pediatric Testing, Care and Treatment

February 2, 2018

This report presents the preliminary findings from an ongoing project undertaken by 4Children that seeks to identify key opportunities to incorporate violence prevention and response interventions within priority PEPFAR Program Areas at clinical and community levels. The initial focus is on HIV testing and services (HTS) and pediatric care and treatment – a priority identified… View Article

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PREVIEW

Effect of an Interactive Text-Messaging Service on Patient Retention During the First Year of HIV Care in Kenya (WelTel Retain): An Open-label, Randomized Parallel-Group Study

January 24, 2018

Retention of patients in HIV care is incredibly important in the process of meeting the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets, administering timely treatment, viral suppression, and to avoid AIDS-related deaths. The authors of this article conducted a randomized trial to conclude whether a text-messaging intervention improved retention during the first year of HIV care. The study was… View Article

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PREVIEW

Cash transfers and HIV/HSV-2 prevalence: a replication of a cluster randomized trial in Malawi

January 9, 2018

This study replicated research which was published in The Lancet in 2012: Effect of a cash transfer programme for schooling on prevalence of HIV and herpes simplex type 2 in Malawi: a cluster randomised trial. The replication included three objectives: perform a pure replication, a measurement and estimation analysis (MEA) and a theory of change… View Article

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PREVIEW

Adolescents, young people, and the 90–90–90 goals: a call to improve HIV testing and linkage to treatment

December 29, 2017

Recent studies reveal significant gaps in the HIV clinical cascade among young people as the global community pursues the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS 90–90–90 targets. This AIDS supplement was commissioned with the goal of informing program planners, researchers, policymakers, and funding agencies about the development and design of effective adolescent and… View Article

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Global Health eLearning: Mother-to-child transmission of HIV

December 13, 2017

The past decade has witnessed tremendous global progress in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT), the leading cause of HIV infection in children. Effective interventions exist to virtually eliminate MTCT during pregnancy, labor, delivery, and breastfeeding (UNICEF 2016). Yet, MTCT remains a challenge; the majority of the estimated 150,000 new HIV infections in children in… View Article

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PREVIEW

Determinants of Effective Utilization of Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children by Caregivers in Kenya: A Case of Tigania West, Meru County

December 7, 2017

Kenya has a growing number of orphans and vulnerable children in the society because of HIV/AIDS, the deterioration of the traditional family structures, and change in family values. The government and their partners have been providing social assistance to poor households with orphans and vulnerable children through a cash transfer program while clearly communicating objective… View Article

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PREVIEW

Key Issues Guide: Research with children and young people

December 7, 2017

Traditionally, research on issues affecting children and young people has tended to focus more on younger children, (the under-fives and school age children) or vulnerable children (orphans, ‘street children’ or child labourers). Similarly, many research and policy narratives have focused on the problems that children face, without always recognising how their choices – their agency… View Article

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