PREVIEW

Understanding the Relationships Between HIV and Child Marriage: Conclusions From an Expert Consultation

June 5, 2019

Girls Not Brides and UNICEF convened an expert consultation to examine the evidence pertaining to the relationship between HIV and early marriage. Understanding about that relationship has changed in the past two decades and experts are now considering a more nuanced understanding of how early marriage relates to HIV. This article provides four recommendations and… View Article

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PREVIEW

Task-shifted interventions for depression delivered by lay primary health-care workers in low-income and middle-income countries

May 17, 2019

As we think more and more about how to integrate mental health support in OVC programs, the results of a cluster-randomised trial in Nigeria showed that task-shifted interventions delivered by lay health workers were associated with remission in more than three-quarters of patients with moderate to severe depression. The two interventions they tried were: Fully… View Article

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PREVIEW

New Horizons Management of Treatment Failure for Pediatric and Adolescent Patients Resource Package

May 9, 2019

This resource was developed for health care providers, counselors and multi-disciplinary care teams who are working with adolescents living with HIV. The objective is to provide care teams with the best treatment options for young patients with high viral loads and the support needed to achieve viral load suppression or to switch to a new… View Article

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PREVIEW

Being HIV positive and staying on antiretroviral therapy in Africa: A qualitative systematic review and theoretical model

February 27, 2019

This review goes beyond presenting barriers and facilitators such as cost and distance from care, which are well known. Rather the systematic review looks broadly at how external influences and personal motivation interact and drive ART adherence and engagement decisions and presents a model for understanding why people do what they do. The study included… View Article

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PREVIEW

Examining the relationship of social support and family cohesion on ART adherence among HIV-positive adolescents in southern Uganda: baseline findings

February 19, 2019

While evidence supports the importance of social support for ART adherence in adults, less is known about the relationship between social support and family cohesion in adolescent adherence. Using data from a five-year randomized clinical trial in southern Uganda and self reports from 702 clients in 39 clinics, this study measured social support, family cohesion and… View Article

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PREVIEW

Prevalence of disability in HIV-infected children attending an urban paediatric HIV clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa

February 13, 2019

Children vertically infected with HIV have been shown to have developmental difficulties and disabilities. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of disabilities among a group of HIV infected children in South Africa and whether they are being referred to and accessing support services. Of the 200 children whose parents were interviewed, 50.5% experienced disabilities,… View Article

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PREVIEW

Disclosure of HIV Status Toolkit for Pediatric and Adolescent Populations

February 5, 2019

This toolkit was designed to give general guidance to health care workers in disclosure of HIV status with pediatric and adolescent populations. The document contains tools to build the capacities of health care staff, caregivers, and pediatric/adolescent partners themselves, to deliver successful and informed disclosure. Job aids include guidance and checklists for a variety of audiences… View Article

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PREVIEW

National Standard Operating Procedures for the Management of Sexual Violence Against Children

February 1, 2019

These Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) seek to enhance the capacity of health care providers and health management teams to respond to and support child survivors of sexual violence. Building on both national and international sexual and gender-based violence SOPs, the document provides a standardized, user-friendly guide on how to apply child-centered approaches for the effective… View Article

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PREVIEW

Conditional cash transfers to prevent mother-to-child transmission in low facility-delivery settings: evidence from a randomised controlled trial in Nigeria

January 23, 2019

Preventing HIV transmission from mother to child is possible, but it requires adherence to many steps in the prevention-of-mother-to-child (PMTCT) cascade. Nigeria has one of the highest rates of transmission to newborns with 1 in 3 children born with HIV being born in Nigeria. The government of Nigeria has scaled up provision of PMTCT services,… View Article

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PREVIEW

Strengthening Systems for the Monitoring and Evaluation of HIV Status of Orphans and Vulnerable Children

January 15, 2019

This publication reports on a mixed methods study in three countries to collect qualitative data about the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems in place for the collection, management, and use of OVC_HIVSTAT data. Six implementing partners (IPs) across Côte d’Ivoire, South Africa, and Zimbabwe were assessed. This summary report elaborates on the challenges that IPs are facing in… View Article

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