PREVIEW

Household Economic Strengthening for HIV Outcomes

August 21, 2018

AIDS Care, a journal dedicated to the psychological and socio-medical aspects of HIV/AIDS, published a supplemental journal funded by the United States Agency for International Development and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. The supplemental journal was developed by the Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation and Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project at FHI… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

SMILE OVC program uses targeted approach to boost TB case-finding among vulnerable children

August 2, 2018

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one million children (<15 years) currently suffer from tuberculosis (TB) worldwide, and more than 210,000 die each year. In 2016, leveraging the robust infrastructure and partnerships of a large, multi-sectoral orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) program called “SMILE”, CRS expanded the program’s core mandate to include community childhood TB case-finding, with a… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

Women: At the heart of the HIV response for children

July 31, 2018

Throughout the world, women have disproportionately borne the impact of HIV, as caregivers and recipients of care. In sub-Saharan Africa, the region with the greatest number of people living with HIV, 60 per cent of people living with HIV are women. Adolescent girls and young women are particularly impacted. Without effective prevention of HIV, they… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

Screening for developmental disabilities in HIV positive and HIV negative children in South Africa: Results from the Asenze Study

July 12, 2018

This study tested the use of a Ten Questions (TQ) screen–a standardized medical history and physical examination conducted by a medical doctor–with hearing and vision screening, psychological assessment for cognition and language delay, and voluntary HIV testing. In this sample of 1,330 children in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, HIV positive children were found to be delayed in… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

Increasing Access and Adherence to the PMTCT Cascade: Is There a Role for Economic Strengthening Interventions?

July 10, 2018

Care and treatment for the prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) is widely available but underutilized; and while economic barriers to pregnant women living with HIV are documented, there is less known about whether economic strengthening interventions could improve PMTCT adherence. This literature review found few studies directly answering the question, but did find studies within the health care… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

Enhancing HIV Retention and Clinical Outcomes in Tanzania through Pediatric- and Adolescent-Friendly Services

June 18, 2018

Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is necessary for optimal treatment outcomes, yet research shows that most children living with HIV in resource constrained settings are late in accessing care. This study aimed to evaluate the use of pediatric- and adolescent-friendly HIV care and treatment services to improve adherence, retention, and clinical outcomes for children… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

It takes health to end violence against children: Assessing alignment of national health policies with WHO’s Global Plan of Action to address interpersonal violence

June 12, 2018

The World Health Organization has adopted a Global Plan of Action to strengthen the role of the health system to respond to violence against women and children. This Global Plan for Action officially recognizes the role that the health system must play and provides a mandate for countries and their health systems to address violence… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

Trends in Antiretroviral Therapy Eligibility and Coverage Among Children Aged <15 Years with HIV Infection — 20 PEPFAR-Supported Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2012–2016

May 18, 2018

As accumulating evidence revealed lower HIV-associated mortality with early ART initiation, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines broadened ART eligibility for children with HIV infection. To understand the lag between guideline development and implementation, as well as the ART coverage gap, CDC assessed national pediatric HIV guidelines and analyzed Joint United Nations Programme on HIV… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

Listening to the Needs and Preferences of Adolescents Living with HIV in Nigeria

May 18, 2018

Adolescents form a significant part of the population living with HIV, however there is little evidence-based knowledge on adolescent-friendly interventions for improving HIV-related outcomes. The Coordinating Comprehensive Care for Children (4Children) project partnered with the Girl Effect Nigeria to conduct a study using its Technology Enabled Girl Ambassadors (TEGA) methodology to explore the enablers and… View Article

Read more »
PREVIEW

Empowering caregivers of orphans and vulnerable children in Swaziland

May 14, 2018

This paper reports on the health and psychosocial impacts of a program designed to economically empower female caregivers of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). The results presented are from a cohort of 492 female caregivers who participated in savings groups and were responsible for 887 OVC. The data showed that the caregivers had increased earnings,… View Article

Read more »