PREVIEW

Framework for Strengthening Integration of Mental Health in Programs for Children Orphaned or Made Vulnerable by HIV (OVC)

September 6, 2018

Mental health is a fundamental component of adult, child and community health and well-being. When mental health is not considered or addressed, there can be significant impacts on an individual, the family and the community. This paper aims to provide a framework for existing OVC programs to consider and improve integration of mental health in… View Article

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PREVIEW

Approaching 2020: Scaling up key interventions for children and adolescents living with HIV

August 21, 2018

Global 2020 goals are on the horizon, yet progress in meeting those HIV goals for children and adolescent is not moving forward. The child survival working group launched a series of technical briefs on strategies for reaching this population called “Approaching 2020: Scaling up key interventions for children and adolescents living with HIV.” Find links… View Article

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PREVIEW

Household Economic Strengthening for HIV Outcomes

August 21, 2018

AIDS Care, a journal dedicated to the psychological and socio-medical aspects of HIV/AIDS, published a supplemental journal funded by the United States Agency for International Development and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. The supplemental journal was developed by the Accelerating Strategies for Practical Innovation and Research in Economic Strengthening (ASPIRES) project at FHI… View Article

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PREVIEW

SMILE OVC program uses targeted approach to boost TB case-finding among vulnerable children

August 2, 2018

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one million children (<15 years) currently suffer from tuberculosis (TB) worldwide, and more than 210,000 die each year. In 2016, leveraging the robust infrastructure and partnerships of a large, multi-sectoral orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) program called “SMILE”, CRS expanded the program’s core mandate to include community childhood TB case-finding, with a… View Article

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PREVIEW

Women: At the heart of the HIV response for children

July 31, 2018

Throughout the world, women have disproportionately borne the impact of HIV, as caregivers and recipients of care. In sub-Saharan Africa, the region with the greatest number of people living with HIV, 60 per cent of people living with HIV are women. Adolescent girls and young women are particularly impacted. Without effective prevention of HIV, they… View Article

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PREVIEW

Screening for developmental disabilities in HIV positive and HIV negative children in South Africa: Results from the Asenze Study

July 12, 2018

This study tested the use of a Ten Questions (TQ) screen–a standardized medical history and physical examination conducted by a medical doctor–with hearing and vision screening, psychological assessment for cognition and language delay, and voluntary HIV testing. In this sample of 1,330 children in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, HIV positive children were found to be delayed in… View Article

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PREVIEW

Increasing Access and Adherence to the PMTCT Cascade: Is There a Role for Economic Strengthening Interventions?

July 10, 2018

Care and treatment for the prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) is widely available but underutilized; and while economic barriers to pregnant women living with HIV are documented, there is less known about whether economic strengthening interventions could improve PMTCT adherence. This literature review found few studies directly answering the question, but did find studies within the health care… View Article

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PREVIEW

Enhancing HIV Retention and Clinical Outcomes in Tanzania through Pediatric- and Adolescent-Friendly Services

June 18, 2018

Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is necessary for optimal treatment outcomes, yet research shows that most children living with HIV in resource constrained settings are late in accessing care. This study aimed to evaluate the use of pediatric- and adolescent-friendly HIV care and treatment services to improve adherence, retention, and clinical outcomes for children… View Article

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PREVIEW

It takes health to end violence against children: Assessing alignment of national health policies with WHO’s Global Plan of Action to address interpersonal violence

June 12, 2018

The World Health Organization has adopted a Global Plan of Action to strengthen the role of the health system to respond to violence against women and children. This Global Plan for Action officially recognizes the role that the health system must play and provides a mandate for countries and their health systems to address violence… View Article

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PREVIEW

Trends in Antiretroviral Therapy Eligibility and Coverage Among Children Aged <15 Years with HIV Infection — 20 PEPFAR-Supported Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2012–2016

May 18, 2018

As accumulating evidence revealed lower HIV-associated mortality with early ART initiation, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines broadened ART eligibility for children with HIV infection. To understand the lag between guideline development and implementation, as well as the ART coverage gap, CDC assessed national pediatric HIV guidelines and analyzed Joint United Nations Programme on HIV… View Article

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